In a normal functioning individual, blood sugar spikes will be mitigated by the release of insulin by the pancreas in the body. Insulin transports excess glucose to the muscles and liver to be stored until needed, thereby causing the blood sugar to drop( return to normal).
Blood sugar spikes are commonly caused by the consumption of carbohydrate-rich foods, sugary foods. This is why eating a lot of sweets and simple carbohydrates are associated with this disease. The condition can be categorized as an issue with the straight-forward process of lowering blood sugar levels after a meal. Once sugars have risen, persons with type 2 diabetes are unable to normally uptake this sugar into their body’s tissues because they either A) are not releasing enough insulin from pancreatic cells and/or B) cells have developed a resistance to insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is referred to as ‘adult onset’ due to its cause by the insulin resistance mentioned earlier. When a person consumes sugary foods on a regular basis, their body is not expecting blood sugar spikes so frequently, therefore the tissues begin to be less sensitive to insulin. In some cases, the insulin receptors are clogged with fat not allowing glucose absorption. This insensitivity means the body does not lower its blood sugar levels, which then causes issues with homeostasis, a variety of diseases that reduces the quality of daily living.
Usually, to counteract both of the insulin problems – either not enough insulin produced or the low sensitivity – patients will inject exogenous insulin to force the process. This injection is effective at first, but it eventually becomes inefficient if the person does not alter the dietary habits that brought them to needing such treatments in the first place. Recent studies suggesting 30% of adults have a condition known as prediabetes, a less severe form of what has been discussed so far. If changes (diet, exercise, stress mitigation) are not implemented will lead to Type 2 Diabetes.
The warning sign of Type 2 Diabetes
Abnormal blood sugar readings
Numbness in the extremities
Frequent Thirst- due to dehydration
Increase in water intake
Decreased energy level
Loss of muscle mass
Dark Patches—around the neck and wrist
AIC Blood Test sugar level between 5.7and 6.4